The industrious delegates of the Security Council were roused from their sleep after a long Sunday committee session filled with contentious debate, informed that a crisis had arisen in Ethiopia. While the delegates were undoubtedly fighting nerves and sleep deprivation, their composed demeanors exhibited otherwise as they marched boldly into the Security Council chambers.
Security Council President Rose Dallimore opened the crisis meeting by debriefing delegates about a secessionist movement by the Soomaali Galbeed region of Ethiopia. A referendum was held and the region voted to succeed from Ethiopia. The delegate of Ethiopia quickly emphasized that any claims of mistreatment toward the Somali people were baseless and that national sovereignty must be maintained in order to peacefully reintegrate the Soomaali Galbeed region. The delegate of Egypt countered Ethiopia’s argument by citing the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in support of the Somali claim to autonomy.
This conflict was further demonstrated through the polarized testimonies of Gari Isaya, an Ethiopian government representative, and Amani Saleh, a Somali doctor and refugee. Isaya opened his testimony by saying, “Ethiopia is and always will be a unified country...We found independence, we established a national identity, and we are proud of it.” He asserted that the delegates should reach a resolution which would unite, rather than splinter, his beloved country. Saleh shared his emotional, firsthand experience with violence, “at the hands of the Ethiopian government,” warning delegates that, “every moment we wait is a moment where a man, woman, or child may perish.” He urged delegates to provide any sort of aid to support the increasing number of Somali refugees.
At approximately 4:10 A.M., over three hours after the crisis meeting began, the Security Council entered voting procedure. Of the five resolutions presented, three failed by veto, on account of infringement upon national sovereignty, as well as ineffective implementation of humanitarian and military aid. The resolution presented by the United Kingdom, Bolivia, and France, which plans to utilize the Eastern African Standby Force to stabilize the Soomaali Galbeed region, was passed in tandem with Sweden’s resolution, which plans to distribute nonpartisan humanitarian aid. Crisis averted.