The Model United Nations Introductory Committee explored multiple different topics today, including nuclear weapons. Delegates debated whether or not to dispose of all stockpiles, how they should be inspected, and how countries could slowly get rid of their supply. However, delegates questioned how fair this really was because some countries would be required to destroy a significant portion of their weaponry, while others would only be required to dispose of some. Fortunately, a delegate answered this question by explaining that those countries who discarded many weapons were countries who already had a large amount and those who disposed of only a few were countries who already had a smaller amount. Djibouti, South Sudan, and Botswana focused on how countries could be educated on why nuclear weapons have no positive impacts on the world and how their use could be halted.
The World Food Program started their second day by discussing the positives and negatives of Agrofuels. Agrofuels are defined as liquid fuels made from plant and biological material that are often food crops. Several countries continued to support the idea of Agrofuels for reasons including transportation and the cease of global warming. Agrofuels are burned the same as petrol and diesel and can be used in the engines of cars and airplanes. These replace fossil fuels and could slow the rate of global warming. However, other delegates responded by stating Agrofuels would only harm more countries than they would help. The areas in the world that do not have enough crops, but still contribute to Agrofuels, face famine within their countries as well as a rise of price on food products. Delegates debated whether or not Agrofuels could successfully aid the world and eventually a delegate from the United States decided to not force countries to participate in Agrofuels, but rather regulate the number of crops used.
The Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee focused on the reintegration of criminals. When prisoners are released back into society, they are stereotyped and looked down upon by their fellow citizens. The delegate from Kuwait along with several other countries spoke of ideas such as halfway houses, which allows released prisoners to be involved in society in a successful, productive way. The delegate from Turkey suggested a transitional justice system that Turkey itself has been perfecting for the past several years. Delegates from South Africa, Senegal, and Djibouti all worked together on a super-resolution that puts emphasis on restoring justice for criminals such as supplying education and jobs.
This morning the Legal Committee discussed the issue of national sovereignty. Delegates questioned how countries could protect their citizens from threats such as weaponry testing. The delegate from the United States of America proposed in her resolution that countries must be more aware of the areas where they are testing their weapons. The delegate stated, “Military personnel should make sure that all civilians are safely out of the testing zone, or made aware of what is about to occur.” This opened up a debate about when other countries should be made aware of possible harm towards innocent citizens and when they should become involved. Ukraine and Somalia worked alongside the United States of America to produce a super resolution that focuses on non-interventionist policies for countries.
The delegates of the Economic and Financial Committee opened debate today by discussing possible solutions to revitalize the stagnant economy of the Gaza Strip. Several potential solutions were presented, including the relaxation of the blockade on the Gaza Strip, opposition to Hamas, and utilization of the natural gas reserves to boost the economy. A key component of the United States delegate’s resolution, a 12% tax on exports from the Gaza Strip to be split equally between Israel and Egypt, was a notable topic of debate. Many delegates expressed concern that this tax was too high, while some argued that it was too low to achieve significant progress. Ultimately, the clause regarding the 12% tax was stricken from the resolution, and still comprehensive in its nature, the resolution was passed. This goes to show just how significant each minor detail is for the EcoFin delegates in effectively resolving such a pressing issue.
Entering the Special Political and Decolonization an intense debate was starting to stir up as super resolutions C-6, C-7, and C-8 were being presented. To start off debate, on the floor was the delegate from the Dominican Republic holding a strong opinion towards topic C-7, feeling “ horrified” about the topic created by Russia, Italy, and China. However, the delegate from the United States of America held his own opinion as well. He felt as if the paper was “ biased “ and would only cause more issues in Baltic Regions. On the other hand, topic C-6 written by Oman and the United States of America also held strong opinions. China, an ally of Russia, disagreed with the US and believed that resolution C-6 would cause conflict. In the end, only C-6 and C-8 were passed onto the General Committee.
Delegates of the Security Council convened after lunch to discuss the topic of Security Sector Reform--outlining the Council’s role in shaping law enforcement, judicial bodies, and other areas of national security. The delegate of Egypt opened the discussion by presenting his resolution, a comprehensive approach for countries to, “foster unique development,” by solving the issues of nepotism and sectarianism, diversifying military forces, and bolstering a strong national mythos. The delegate of Italy, while emphasizing the necessity of protecting national sovereignty, suggested utilization of peacekeeping forces, as well as programs supporting increased female integration into the security sector. The delegate of the United States noted the importance of, “rooting reform in a nation’s culture and needs.” As delegates continue discussing reform, they must find a solution that maintains national sovereignty while still protecting the basic human rights of all citizens.
The delegates of the World Health Organization began debate today faced with the challenge of remediating the high rates of maternal mortality in areas of conflict. Initial solutions proposed suggested the formation of safehouses and refugee camps, as well as task forces comprised of doctors and other trained professionals who would provide medical aid in conflict areas. The delegate of Austria proposed the formation of the Maternal Outreach Program, which introduces midwives and gynecologists into an area of conflict to provide safer and more efficient medical services to women. Concerns were raised regarding the threat to indigenous medical bodies and procedures, as well as to the safety of those entering conflict areas riddled with war and terrorism. In order for the delegates to effectively resolve this pressing issue, they must find a way to implement these programs while ensuring the protection of involved parties and the local medical institutions.
In the first committee session of the weekend, WFP progressed quickly through the docket for their first topic, Food Instability in Conflict Areas. The committee struggled to agree as the resolutions ranged in action from passive, to reactive, to proactive. The main dilemma of the topic was appropriately dealing with the war-torn aspect of the countries in need. Most resolutions suggested some form of humanitarian aid be sent into the country, however, some suggested the supplies also be sent with military. Immediately the question on the floor was whose military would be sent in accompaniment. Many countries had issues with the entrance of external militia or even NGO’s into their country to supply such aid. Alternatively, another resolution suggested the food supplies be flown into the country via drone.
Again, met with immediate scrutiny, the proposing country was berated by fellow delegates who questioned the contingency of a drone actually making it very far into a war-torn country before being shot down. Another popular position was contacting NGO’s, nonprofit, or donation based programs to bring the needed supplies into these countries. However, many, of the countries involved were reluctant to take such supplies in fear of dependency. Other, more developed countries did not wish to donate their overproduction of crops because of the economic benefit the receiving countries would gain. Lastly, some alternative agriculture techniques such as drip irrigation and enriched food were offered in a hopeful attempt to find a solution.
The United Nations Environment Programme committee debated the impact of climate change on wildfires. The delegate from Bolivia rebutted Ukraine after they advised the use of chemicals to kill fire-prone plants. The delegate from Ukraine pointed out that fires are unpredictable. This provoked another to delegate encouraged every country to have emergency supplies in case of wildfires. Ways to prevent human-made wildfires introduced included educating the citizens of each individual country about safely putting out campfires. In the event of natural wildfires, health services are to be provided to people who obtain respiratory diseases. People found starting wildfires will be given an amount of jail time depending on the extent of damage the fire caused.